In 1744, there were 13 rules of golf, which were first applied in the first British Open in 1754. Since 1897, R&A (Royal Classical Golf Club) has assumed responsibility for the maintenance and modification of golf rules. Golf withdrew from the Olympic Games in 1936, but the development did not stop. The North American continent continues to set off a climax of golf, and the rules have been ambiguous due to regional, cultural, and political differences. Since 1951, the golf rules have been jointly reviewed by R&A and the USGA (United States Golf Association) and revised every four years. The golf rules formulated by R&A and USGA maintain the order of golf. With the continuous development of golf, the attention of major golf events in the world sports continues to increase. Finally, in 2016, golf returned to the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In this context, R&A and USGA have revised the golf rules and they will be promulgated and implemented on January 1, 2019.
Although there are many rules in golf, there are two basic rules: one is that contestants compete under fair conditions; the second is during the game , Handle any situation in an objective and fair manner. In fact, all golf rules are formulated under these two premises.
1. Before starting a round
Read the local rules on the scorecard or bulletin board. Make an identifying mark on the ball. Many golfers use the same brand of balls. If they cannot recognize their own ball, it will be considered as lost. Count the number of clubs, you can carry up to 14 clubs.
2. During a round of competition
Except for partners or caddies, please do not ask for help from anyone else; except for players on the same side, please do not provide help to anyone else; you can ask about rules and distance And the obstacle area, the location of the flagpole and other information. During the game of a hole, please do not practice hitting the ball. Unless expressly permitted by local regulations, do not use any artificial devices or abnormal equipment.
3. After the end of the round
match play, make sure the results of the match are posted. Stroke play, please make sure to fill out the scorecard correctly and submit it to the committee as soon as possible.
14.8.3 Golf Tournament Rules
1. Teeing off the ball
Between the two teeing area marks, the front end of the two teeing area marks connects back within the length of two clubs. The ball is played outside the serving area: match play, without penalty, the opponent can immediately ask you to re-strike the ball; stroke play, 2 penalties, and must play another ball in the correct area.
2. Playing ball
The ball’s identification mark cannot be seen. After notifying the scorer and opponent, mark the position of the ball and pick it up to identify it.
Start playing in the current position of the ball. Do not change the ball position, expected stance and swing area, or the line of play; move, bend, or break any fixed objects, growths, except when you are properly stance and swing; press down on any object.
The ball is in the bunker or water hazard zone. Please do not do the following: touch the ground of the hazard zone (or water hazard zone) with your hand or club before the swing的水); Move scattered obstacles. If a wrong ball is played: in the match play, the hole is lost; in stroke play, two penalty strokes are taken, and the mistake must be corrected by playing the correct ball.
3. On the hole area
On the hole area, you can: mark the position of the ball, pick it up and wipe it, but be sure to place it back accurately; repair ball marks and old holes Buried traces, but not to repair shoe spike marks and other damage. When hitting the ball on the putting area, you should ensure that the flagstick has been removed or taken care of. Even if the ball is on the hole, the flagstick can also be removed or taken care of.
4. The static ball is moved
When the ball is in use, if one of the following occurs, a penalty shot must be taken and it must be placed back: accidentally caused it to move; Start it. Except for a partner or caddie, if someone else moves a stationary ball, or it is moved by another ball, you are not penalized, but you have to put the ball back in place. If the static ball is blown by the wind, or moves due to its own reasons, there is no penalty, as long as the ball continues to be played in the current position.
5. The ball in motion is changed or stopped
If the hit ball is changed or stopped by yourself, your partner, caddie, or equipment, a penalty shot is taken, and then you continue to play at the current position of the ball (Golf Rules 19-2). If the hit ball is redirected or stopped by another stationary ball, it will normally not be penalized, as long as the ball continues to play in the current position of the ball. Only in stroke play, if both balls are on the putting area before you hit the ball, you will be fined 2 strokes.
6. Pick up, throw and place the ball
Before picking up a ball that needs to be placed back in place, the position of the ball must be calibrated. When picking up the ball in order to throw it or place it in another position, it is not necessary to calibrate the position of the ball. When throwing the ball, stand upright, straighten your arms, hold the ball to shoulder height, and then let the ball fall naturally. Common situations where the ball must be re-dropped: the ball rolls in a place that is still hindered by the situation after the ball is dropped; the ball is stationary outside the range of the two clubs at the tossing point; the ball is stationary closer to the hole. After the ball is redropped, the ball rolls to the above position, and the ball is placed where it first touched the court when the ball was redropped. 2
7. Balls that help or hinder play
If a ball might help other players to play, if it’s yours, you can pick it up; if it’s someone else’s, you can ask someone to pick it up. If any ball prevents you from playing, you can ask someone to pick it up. Do not agree to leave a ball in a certain position to help another player play the ball. When a ball is picked up to facilitate or hinder the play, it shall not be wiped unless it is located on the hole area.
8. Scattered obstacles
If the scattered obstacles (that is, scattered natural objects, such as stones, scattered leaves and branches, etc.) are not in the same obstacle area as the ball, you can remove the scattered obstacles. Place obstacles. If removing scattered obstacles causes your ball to be moved, you will be penalized and you must put the ball back into place.
9. Movable obstruction
A movable obstruction anywhere can be moved without penalty. If the ball moves as a result, it must be placed back into place without penalty. If the ball is located in or on a movable obstruction, you can pick up the ball, remove the obstruction, and then throw the ball directly below where the ball was originally located in the obstruction without penalty. The exception is when the ball is on the hole area, in which case the ball must be placed at that point.
10. Immovable obstructions and abnormal stadium conditions
If the ball is not in the water hazard zone, immovable obstructions and abnormal court conditions can be remedied without penalty, provided that they constitute the ball position, stance or swing The physical hindrance. Pick up the ball and throw it within 1 club of the nearest relief point and not closer to the hole. If the ball is on the hole area, it is placed on the closest relief point. When the ball is in the bunker, after accepting a penalty shot, the goal can be taken to remedy the situation after the bunker.
11. Water barrier area
The ball enters the water hazard zone, you can play in the current position of the ball, after accepting a penalty shot, play a ball at the location of the last shot, or Behind the water hazard zone, a ball is thrown on the line connecting the hole and the point where the ball finally crosses the boundary line of the water hazard zone. If the ball is in the side water hazard zone, you can choose the treatment method of the water hazard zone. You can also throw a ball within the range of 2 clubs in the following places after receiving a penalty shot: the ball finally crosses the boundary of the water hazard zone Point, or a point on the other side of the obstacle zone, the two points are the same length from the hole.
12. Ball lost or out of bounds and provisional ball
The ball is lost or out of bounds outside the water hazard zone, and after accepting a penalty shot of one stroke, hit another ball at the place where the ball was hit last time, that is, "one stroke plus distance" . There are 5 minutes to find a ball, after that, if the ball is not found or cannot be identified, the ball is lost. After hitting the ball, the ball may be lost or out of bounds outside the water hazard zone. A "tentative ball" shall be played and the intention shall be announced in advance. If the initial ball is lost or out of bounds, after accepting a penalty shot, use this provisional ball to continue the game.
13. Unplayable ball
The ball is in the water hazard zone, and no unplayable rules apply. In other areas of the court, the ball is deemed unplayable and after accepting a penalty shot of one stroke: hit a ball at the place where the ball was hit last time; or throw a ball on the line between the hole and the ball stop behind the ball stop A ball, the distance is not limited; throw a ball not closer to the hole within the range of the two clubs where the ball stops. The ball is in the bunker, you can follow the above procedures to dispose of it, you must throw the ball in the bunker.
Observe the start and tee time. Being late is a no-no for participating in a golf game.
When hitting the ball or practicing swing, the player should make sure that no one is standing near the place where the club may hit.
For the sake of other players, don’t disturb or influence others when hitting the ball.
Protect the court to avoid unnecessary damage.